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HUNTER SCHONE

Hi, my name is Hunter. I'm a neuroscience PhD candidate in the labs of Chris Baker at the National Institutes of Health (Maryland, USA) and Tamar Makin at the University of Cambridge (UK). I have 7+ years of experience working on research on motor learning, human neuroimaging and wearable technologies. Here's my CV

schonehunter [at] gmail [dot] com
Currently living in Washington, D.C.

 
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PROJECTS

 
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MYOELECTRIC CONTROL OF A SUPERNUMERARY ROBOTIC HAND

This is a study 5-years in the making. In this study, I am testing how different myoelectric robotic hand motor control strategies impact skill learning of a supernumerary robotic hand and the neural representations supporting robotic hands. We are training 60 users to operate a EMG-controlled supernumerary robotic arm over a week with multiple pre-post motor and neural (fMRI) measures.

Preliminary results presented at NCM 2022 [POSTER] and SfN 2022

CORTICAL HAND REPRESENTATION IN AMPUTEES BEFORE AND AFTER AMPUTATION

This is an ongoing study in my PhD. This study is the first to ever investigate how the cortical hand representation changes both before and after amputation. To do this, we are working with multiple NHS sites in the UK to identify patients planning to undergo a hand amputation. We are scanning patients longitudinally: pre- and post-amputation.


Preliminary results presented at SfN 2022.

DO EXPERT TOOL USERS REPRESENT THEIR TOOLS LIKE HANDS IN THE BRAIN?

This fMRI study involved scanning a group of expert tool users (London Litterpickers) and a group of novices to see whether longterm experience using a tool like a hand might lead to the brain adapting to represent it like a tool.

[data + stimuli] [doi] [pdf] [interview]

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MAKING SENSE OF PHANTOM LIMB PAIN - A CLINICAL REVIEW

The majority of amputees experience phantom limb pain (PLP) yet we still know very little about the condition. The goal of this review is to help generate consensus in the field on how best to research PLP, from phenomenology to treatment. Written with some of the leading researchers in the field. 

[doi] [pdf] [twitter-thread​]

HAND LATERALITY JUDGEMENTS IN INDIVIDUALS MISSING HANDS

Are individuals born without hands or individuals who have lost hands in adulthood impaired in their ability to judge whether a hand image is a left or right hand? In this study, we test the role of motor hand experience when making visual bodily judgements.

[data + stimuli] [doi] [pdf] [twitter-thread]

PROSTHETIC LIMB MOTOR CONTROL

Brain plasticity research teaches us that the earlier we train to acquire new skills (or use a new technology) the better we benefit from this practice as adults. To explore this idea, we studied individuals born without a hand and individuals who lost a hand in life to better understand the role early hand experience plays in shaping prosthetic limb motor control in adulthood.


[data] [doi] [pdf] [twitter-thread]

Schone, H.R., Baker, C.I, Katz, J., Nikolajsen, L., Limakatso, K., Flor, H. and Makin, T.R. (2022). Making sense of phantom limb pain. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 93:833-843. [doi] [pdf] [twitter-thread​]

Schone, H.R.,* Maimon-Mor, R.O.,* Baker, C.I., and Makin, T.R. (2021). Expert tool users show increased differentiation between visual representations of hands and tools. Journal of Neuroscience, 41 (13) 2980-2989. [data + stimuli] [doi] [pdf] [interview] [twitter-thread]

Maimon-Mor, R.O., Schone, H.R., Henderson-Slater, D., Faisal, A. and Makin, T.R. (2021). Early life experience sets hard limits on motor learning as evidenced from artificial arm use, eLife, 10: e66320. [data] [doi] [pdf] [twitter-thread]

Schone, H. R.*, Maimon-Mor, R. O.*, Moran, R., Brugger, P. and Makin, T. R. (2020). Motor control drives visual bodily judgements. Cognition, 196, 104120. [data + stimuli] [doi] [pdf] [twitter-thread]

 

PRESENTATIONS

2017 - Present

Schone, H.R., Kollamkulam, M., Gerrand, C., Sedki, I., Maimon-Mor, R. O., Baker, C.I. and Makin, T.R. (2022). How does the cortical hand representation change following amputation? A pre- and post-amputation fMRI study. Society for Neuroscience, San Diego, Califorrnia, USA (oral presentation).

*Organized and chaired the SfN Nanosymposium where this work was presented

Schone, H.R., Udeozor, M., Moninghoff, M., Rispoli, B., Vandersea, J., Lock, B., Hargrove, L., Makin, T.R. and Baker, C.I. (2022) Is the human body the best model for controlling artificial limbs? Comparing biomimetic and arbitrary control strategies. Society for Neuroscience, San Diego, California, USA (poster presentation).

Schone, H.R., Edwards, G., Japee, S., Makin, T.R., and Baker, C.I. (2022) Decoding action and observation of biological and robotic hand gestures. Society for Neuroscience, San Diego, California, USA (poster presentation)

Schone, H.R., Udeozor, M., Moninghoff, M., Rispoli, B., Vandersea, J., Lock, B., Hargrove, L., Edwards, G.E., Japee, S.J., Makin, T.R. and Baker, C.I. (2022) Is the human body the best model for controlling artificial limbs? Comparing biomimetic and arbitrary control strategies. Neural Control of Movement, Dublin, Ireland (poster presentation).

Schone, H.R. (2022). Is the human body the ultimate design template for engineering robotic limbs? Brain Seminar. Wellcome Centre for Human Neuroimaging, London, UK. [twitter-thread] (oral presentation).

Schone, H.R. (2021). Is the human body the ultimate design template for artificial limbs? EMBC Conference workshop: From machine-brain interfaces (MBI) to neurorobotics: challenges and opportunities. https://neuroeng.org/workshop-embc2021 (oral presentation).

Schone, H.R., Maimon-Mor, R.O., Baker, C.I., and Makin, T.R. (2020). Expert tool users do not visually embody their hand-held tool, Vision Sciences Society, St. Pete Beach, Florida, USA (poster presentation).

Schone, H.R., Gerrand, C., Sedki, I., Maimon-Mor, R. O., Baker, C.I. and Makin, T.R. (2020). Preserved somatotopic organisation following hand amputation, British Sarcoma Conference, Glasgow, Scotland, UK (poster presentation).

Schone, H.R., Maimon-Mor, R.O., Baker, C.I., and Makin, T.R.. (2020). Expert tool users do not visually embody their hand-held tool, Capital Area Cognition, Attention and Perception Conference, Washington, D.C. (oral presentation).

Schone, H.R., Maimon-Mor, R.O., Baker, C.I. and Makin, T.R. (2019). Investigating the neural embodiment of prosthetic limbs and tools. Society for Neuroscience, Chicago, Illinois, USA (poster presentation)

Schone, H.R, Maimon-Mor, R.O., Baker, C.I. and Makin, T.R. (2019). Assessing prosthesis embodiment in elite prosthesis users. UCL-NIMH Joint Symposium, Bethesda, MD, USA (oral & poster presentation)

Schone, H.R., Maimon-Mor, R.O., Baker, C.I. and Makin, T.R. (2019). Assessing the neurocognitive characteristics of elite prosthesis users. Trent International Prosthetics Symposium, Manchester, UK (poster presentation)

Schone, H.R.*, Maimon-Mor, R.O.*, Moran, R., Brugger, P. and Makin, T.R. (2018). Bimanual sensorimotor system is more effective than a unimanual system. Hand, Brain and Technology conference, Ascona, Switzerland (poster presentation)

Schone, H.R.*, Maimon-Mor, R.O.* and Makin, T.R. (2017). Assessing embodiment with visual priming tasks. Queen Square Symposium, London, UK (poster presentation)